When a person moves from one region, country, or place to another, the process is called Migration. Depending on the circumstances, Migration can be of two types viz, Internal Migration, and International Migration. So, what is international Migration? While internal Migration focuses on moving from one place to another within the national boundaries, international migration definition, on the other hand, involves migrating over the national borders. In simple terms, an international migrant is an individual who moves to another country. People often migrate to different places for various reasons. From economic opportunities to education, the list of reasons can be endless. Despite the reasons, international Migration is quite popular in today’s time. To discuss the same, we will be elaborating on international Migration and its key findings in brief.
According to the United Nations data of the year 2019, 272 million of the population are international migrants. It represents around 3.4% of the world population who lives in a country away from their homeland. If the international migrants are shifted to any particular country, they will make the world’s fifth-largest country.
|Origin Country||Total Number of Migrants|
To mention the origin of these migrants, there are certain countries that top the list. Out of which, In 2019, India leads the table with around 17.5 million migrants living in different parts of the world. This was stated as an official estimate by the United Nations.
The next countries leading the list are Mexico (11.8 Million), China (10.7 Million), Russia (10.5 Million), and Syria (8.2 Million), respectively. Apart from that, the other origins are Bangladesh, Pakistan, Ukraine, the Philippines, and Afghanistan. All these countries account for about one-third of the total international migrants.
According to the United Nations migration studies, about half of the international migrants reside in 10 countries. The names of these ten countries is the United States of America, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, the United Arab Emirates, Canada, Australia, and Italy. Let’s comprehend the number of migrants in these countries for a brief idea.
|Destination Country||Total Number of Migrants|
|The United States of America||51 Million|
|Saudi Arabia||13 Million|
|The United Kingdom||10 Million|
|The United Arab Emirates||9 Million|
As per the data, the United States of America tops the chart with a total of 51 million migrants. It means that around 19% of the world’s total international migrants live in the United States. The second destination Germany holds about 13 million international migrants, and the third destination, Saudi Arabia, consists of around 13 million international migrants as well. Countries like Australia and Italy are also considered among one of the top nations where people migrate. However, before migration, Australia requires translation of documents by a NAATI Translator. Here's the way to Know How To Get NAATI Translation 2020.
To mention the total number of international migrants as per geographic regions, Oceania (21.2%) and North America (16%) each accommodate the highest migrants. On the other hand, the lowest numbers are observed in Latin America and the Caribbean (1.8%), Central and Southern Asia, Eastern (1.0%), and South-Eastern Asia (0.8%).
The reasons behind people migrating from one place to another are diverse. Be it Migration in North Africa or Europe; the reasons can be anywhere from future opportunities to lifestyle. Thus, here some of the reasons for International Migration
Regardless of the reasons behind international Migration, it is crucial for the migrants to follow the rules of the country they are immigrating to. Like, for Sydney Migration International, migrants have to get their relevant documents translated by Migration Translators. That’s because Australia requires translated documents of the immigrants for other processes in the country. Thus, it is necessary to be familiarised with the regulations and international migration patterns thoroughly.
There has been a surge noted in the numbers of international migrants. However, comparing the numbers with the total population, it is not very extensive. In simple terms, the year 1960 observed a total of 79 million international migrants. In 2019, the number exceeded a massive 272 million, which is certainly more than three times of the past data.
Likewise, the population of the world has also taken a surge with globalization. In 1960, the world population was 3 billion, and in 2019 it became 7.7 billion. Thus, if we compare the number of immigrants as per the population, the growth is not so massive.
As per the data by the United Nations, only 3.5% of the world population involves international migrants. Thus, around 96.5% of the world population lives in their respective national borders. It signifies that still, a significant number of people have not migrated internationally. Although, they might have preferred regional Migration. To answer the stated question, the numbers of international immigrants have indeed increased. However, the data with respect to the population is still not much.
Migration has undoubtedly led to several beneficial effects as well. Some of the positive impacts of international Migration include the following
International Organisation for Migration helps in proper migration management and cooperation for migration issues.
An International Migration example includes Polish people moving to Australia. These people can migrate to the country for various reasons. It can be education, job opportunities, better life quality. Medical help, etc. However, before migrating, they will have to get their documents translated into English by a Translation Services Australia.
Similarly, another example will be Polish people migrating to Europe. Migration in Europe can provide them better facilities, lifestyle, employment, education, as well. Thus, they can choose the destination for immigration.