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Mar 22, 2023 | Guide to Language

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CALD Meaning And Significance To The Australian People

One in every four Australians was born abroad, making Australia a country of migrants. Furthermore, the country has a higher proportion of inhabitants born outside the country than other cultural icons such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Millions of individuals have come to Australia from all over the world during the last two centuries. It is a fact that the identity of Australia has been molded — and altered — by waves of immigration. The causes for migration to Australia have shifted throughout time and among various populations.

Many migrants have been attracted to the nation for a better life, economic opportunity, or a secure base from instability in their native countries. Also, overseas migration accounts for 58% of Australia’s population, with one out of every five families speaking a language other than English. For this reason, cultural and linguistic diversity CALD means central to Australia’s national identity.

Yes, we will know more about the linguistically diverse backgrounds and Australian society in this article. Please go through the section to learn more about this topic. So, let’s take a brief idea on CALD meaning and the linguistically diverse group in the below passage.

Also, you can get complete detail about Itadakimasu meaning and why and where japanese use it, here in this article.

What Is The Meaning Of CALD?

People with their cultural heritage, as opposed to the mainstream Anglo-Australian culture, comprise the culturally and linguistically diverse community.

The term CALD stands for ‘culturally and linguistically diverse.’ It’s vital to remember that CALD isn’t a person’s identity. CALD is a bureaucratic acronym used in the public and community sectors. Still, it isn’t always a label that people identify with regarding a person raised in a family where a language other than English was spoken and whose cultural values and upbringing differed from those of mainstream society.

Currently, CALD meaning has replaced the old terminology of NESB (non-English speaking background), for it is more welcoming and reflective of the diversity of the entire population. Therefore, it is important to realize that people from the CALD cultural background represent twenty-one Australians who officially received their Australian Citizenship Certificate. However, they face barriers when accessing services,

  • Speak languages are difficult to comprehend.
  • Cultural differences in customs and religious beliefs.
  • Discrimination and racism are two things that people are exposed to.
  • There is a scarcity of information on services.
  • There is a lack of knowledge regarding rights and obligations.
  • Literacy skills are insufficient.
  • Afraid of being stigmatized both inside and beyond their communities.
  • Difficulty comprehending their community’s function.
  • A lack of computer access may represent a barrier to the rising requirement for access to services.

Keeping this in mind, as the Australian population becomes more multicultural, it is more crucial than before to make people respected and essential, especially from a CALD community. CALD cultures include people of religious sectarianism in Australia, or other words, people who were born overseas with different values, beliefs, languages, and traditions that need to be accepted.

What Is A CALD Background?

The existence of a range of cultural groups within a society is referred to as cultural diversity. Many diverse features may be found among cultural backgrounds and groupings. Cultural traditions, religious views, ethnicity, language, country, sexual orientation, class, gender, age, handicap, health disparities, and other variables all have a role. The CALD background, which is culturally and linguistically varied, contains—-


People who have left their own country voluntarily for a better life. They have made a choice alone, had a chance to plan with information about migration, and can return whenever they wish. They have the option to apply for Australian citizenship

Asylum seeker: 

An asylum seeker has sought recognition and protection as a refugee (in Australia, this is referred to as a Protection visa applicant) but has yet to receive a final decision on their application. Some people seek asylum in Australia after arriving on a visitor’s or student’s visa, while others enter without a valid visa. Asylum seekers who meet the health, character, and security conditions and are deemed to be due to Australia’s protection under the Refugees Convention are awarded a permanent Protection visa. Not all asylum applicants will be considered refugees in the end.


It is the individual who, to live, is compelled to abandon his family, house, employment, support, and nation. Similarly, unlike migrants, a refugee does not have enough time to plan and may never be able to return to their hometown!

Unaccompanied Humanitarian Minors: 

A person under the eighteen age, who Australia has granted a humanitarian visa. Without a parent to care for them, an unaccompanied humanitarian child might be both a-ward and non-ward. CALD cultural norms are diverse regarding values, beliefs, languages, and customs, all of which must be embraced. With this perspective, it’s important to understand what someone with a CALD identity has gone through. Meanwhile, if you want to discover more about emotive language, click here.

  • Denial of Human rights
  • Forced separation from family.
  • Witnessing torture of family members.
  • Being a part of the torture.
  • Exposure to Violence.
  • Physical, emotional, and sexual abuse.
  • Illness, starvation, and exploitation.
  • Forced to fight as soldiers.

It is critical to recognise that if a CALD person is placed in comparable circumstances, they may get worried, confused, and hesitant. Thus, getting assistance from an accredited NAATI Translator from the renowned translation service can be an efficient step for the same.

What Are CALD Communities?

CALD communities comprise a crucial portion of the Australian population. Nearly half of all Australians were either born outside of Australia or had one or both parents who were born outside of Australia. According to survey data, CALD populations in Australia hail from 190 different nations and 300 distinct ancestries, which leads to a multicultural society in the country. According to administrative data collection, the United Kingdom and New Zealand are the most prevalent places of birth abroad.

Furthermore, 31% of Australians were born outside of the nation, with one-third being born in a non-English speaking country. A CALD family, in particular, refers to persons who are from a nation that does not speak English as a first language. As a result, CALD meaning varies greatly from one person to the next, and service providers and practitioners must be aware of this. Language, religion, and collective individualism are significant examples. A collecting data revealed that there are nearly 300 languages spoken in Australia, 100 religions practised, and various mixtures of heritage that impact new languages.

According to the data collected research, the great majority of them chose to live in cities, far more than those who were born here. The city with the most foreign-born residents in Sydney. In addition, there are approximately 300 distinct linguistic characteristics spoken in Australian households.

At home, more than a fifth of Australians speaks their original plain language other than English. Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, and Vietnamese are the most frequent main language spoken among CALD populations. With 88 per cent of persons speaking exclusively English at home, Tasmania has the highest percentage, while the Northern Territory has the lowest rate at 58 per cent. It is crucial to be warned of and understand these cultural differences in order to connect effectively with CALD communities. That is to say, this amazing diversity from the CALD backgrounds community sector may represent an issue to service providers due to,

  • Their cultural differences.
  • Lack of adequate information.
  • Cognitive language and Physical impairment.
  • Appropriate social, linguistic, and educational background.
  • Inadequate information about their rights and responsibilities.
  • Distrust in government agencies and services.
  • Fear of stigmatization.

Therefore, when speaking to a person from CALD groups, it is essential to,

  • Be attentive and show respect.
  • Greet the person with his or her title and surname, pronouncing it correctly.
  • Limit the number of concepts at any one time.
  • Organize important information, so the significant messages stand out
  • Pause before and after essential words.
  • Ask again if you have missed out on something important.
  • Avoid jargon, slang, and acronyms.
  • Say “yes or No” instead of “Uh-huh or Uh-uh.”
  • Communicate with clarity, use stories as examples.
  • Write down important information.

Is Australia The Most Diverse Country?

Many of us have always known that Australia is a thriving multicultural nation, but now we can brag that it is the world’s most ethnically diverse country. According to research, Victoria is Australia’s most diversified state. The country is home to over 100 numerous religions with multicultural communities and 300 different ethnic groups from all over the world. Australia’s past has shaped the diversity of its peoples, cultures, and lifestyles that exist now. The diversified Indigenous Australians population, a British colonial background, and considerable immigration from many various nations and cultures are three main components to Australia’s demographic make-up. Research showed that:

One in every four Australians was born outside of the country; 46% have at least one parent who borned outside of the country, and over 20% of Australians speak a language other than English at home.

In 2013, international migration accounted for 60% of Australia’s population increase.

Those born in the United Kingdom continue to make up the biggest group of overseas-born inhabitants (5.3%), followed by people born in New Zealand (2.6 percent).

Migrants contribute significantly to Australia’s economy, with an estimated fiscal gain of more than $10 billion in the first ten years after settlement. International education contributed billions to Australia’s GDP in 2010-11.

What Are The Things To Follow To Communicate Effectively With The CALD Communities?

Although everyone has a culture, many people and groups are culturally blind. Communication challenges might become even more complicated in today’s varied culture. When it comes to face-to-face relationships, each culture has its own set of implicit assumptions and proclivities. The following are some of the factors to consider when communicating effectively with CALD communities:

Make use of simple English

Plain language is a communication style in which the terminology, structure, and design are so clear that the people can quickly identify what they need, comprehend it, and apply it. In every meaning of the word, ask yourself if your content speaks your audience’s language. It’s essential to consider what to write when dealing with the CALD concept so that the reader understands. By placing ourselves in their shoes, we must evaluate how they might react and should use such words they can understand.

Try Convenient spoken English

Easy English is much more basic, using visuals to aid with comprehension. Simple English was created with those with learning difficulties in mind, as well as those who have difficulty reading. A bit less than half of the Australian adults are affected. When dealing with CALD groups, whether you use Plain English or Easy English depends on who will be reading it. Also think about why they’re reading it, what they need to know, and what you want them to do when they’ve finished.

Slow down your speech

Even though English is the common language in a cross-cultural context in different countries, speaking at your typical conversational speed is not a smart idea. Modifying your tempo, as well as speaking clearly and pronouncing your words correctly, will assist to reduce the language barriers. Allow your audience time to translate and digest your words by breaking your sentences into tiny, distinct chunks. However, don’t go too slowly or you’ll come out as patronizing.

Make active listening a habit

When it comes to developing cross-cultural communication, active listening is a great method. Ask numerous questions and restate or summarise what the other person has said to verify that you have understood them correctly. It helps to establish a connection and ensures that crucial information is not overlooked or misinterpreted.

Take turns speaking

Take turns speaking to allow the discourse to flow more freely. Make your argument, then wait for the other person to answer. It’s preferable to speak to people in brief exchanges rather than presenting a protracted monologue that they can find difficult to follow, especially when English is their second language.

Interpret the content

Content translation is an excellent technique to target CALD communities that do not speak English at home. Translations for Australian CALD communities are sometimes referred to as “community translations” or “public service translations,” and they necessitate a very strategic approach to guarantee that the material is successful. It’s critical to establish a “translation strategy” when translating for CALD groups. Your translation efforts will be successful if you have a highly precise translation plan. A translation strategy is a set of guidelines that you and your CALD communication team will agree on, follow, and analyze to ensure the success of your efforts.

Usage of images to communicate

A brilliant strategy to communicate with CALD groups is to focus on presenting your message that includes images. Images are not only easy to grasp, but they are also widely understood! However, you must ensure that your photos are culturally suitable for all of the CALD cultures you are targeting, which is a double-edged sword. The use of illustrations can assist your audience to understand the idea you’re attempting to deliver. It may also be used to support a notion or demonstrate an idea in order to make the text more understandable.

Be encouraging

It is essential for effective cross-cultural communication for all parties to feel at ease. Treat non-native English speakers with respect in every conversation, do your best to communicate effectively, and encourage them when they answer. It will increase their trust and faith in you.

Closed questions should be avoided

Asking a yes/no question is not a good idea. Because it’s difficult or uncomfortable to react negatively in many cultures, you’ll always receive a “yes” even if the genuine answer is “no.” Instead, ask an open-ended question that necessitate a response.

Tips on engaging CALD meaning to the society

  • Promoting services to raise awareness for CALD families. It is achievable through local business, religious, and community groups by using newsletters, radio, and community language newspapers.
  • Utilizing the best medium for translating information such as radio, television, or print.
  • Considering the issues of poor literacy and education of the community and providing information sessions to cultural groups and organizations.
  • Remaining in regular contact with the community and providing new and updated information in successive sessions.
  • Considering the use of practical sessions such a physical loyalty for your service, the layout of rooms, opening times, staff profile, and links between different services.

Therefore, organizations need to devote resources, money, and time to the CALD group to develop and deliver culturally appropriate and accessible services.

How Do CALD Clients Communicate?

In the first place, no two clients are the same. Every CALD meaning has a unique set of understanding. Moreover, Not understanding or speaking the same language may cause a communication gap. In like manner, there are important considerations to be kept in mind concerning culture and cultural identity, such as

  • Everyone has a Cultural identity and distinct religious affiliation.
  • Culture is dynamic, and it is continuously changing with the social services.
  • Cultural identity plays a vital role in shaping beliefs, values, and behavior.
  • People get attracted by more than one culture(s).
  • It is a choice for individuals to identify themselves with the culture in which they identify themselves.

To be sure, there are certain things that may come in handy in how you communicate cross-culturally:

  • Listen carefully and be patient. Be respectful to the person and do not interrupt while the other person is speaking.
  • Remember, different cultures have standards regarding silence, touching, eye contact, and personal space.
  • Make sure to smile! It will make the other person feel comfortable.
  • Try affirmative and friendly body language. Do not sit there in silence.
  • Use open-ended during the conversation to get more information.

How Do You Communicate Cross-Culturally?

When talking to a person who is adapted to speaking languages other than English, here are a few strategies that you can use:

  • Consider the choice of language that you would use. Avoid idioms and slang with spoken English words that they will not understand. Break the thought into small fragments using simple sentences in a way that people of different linguistic backgrounds can easily understand.
  • The rules for non-verbal cues are generally understandable but vary from one culture to another and from one generation to the next. Non-verbal signs do not interpret the same meaning for every culture and need to be used as such. These rules are particularly relevant to touch and physical space. Make sure you take the time to understand their values before working with different cultures.
  • If a person does not understand the English language, make sure you give adequate time for him to understand and for you to communicate the message successfully. Make sure to use positive reinforcements to encourage non-English speakers to clarify their thoughts.
  • Always avoid inappropriate and disrespectful gestures toward a person’s culture. Treat the person as your equal and try to learn more about their culture.

Henceforth, in the clash of eastern vs western Cultures, acknowledging and respecting cultural differences is vital for effective cross-cultural communication.

Some striking characteristics include:

  • Having respect for other cultures.
  • Making a sincere attempt to understand their point of view.
  • Being open to new learning.
  • Being flexible.
  • Having a great sense of humor.
  • Accepting ambiguity well.
  • Approaching with a desire to learn from others.
  • Using an accredited professional interpreter such as Australian Translation services when unable to communicate correctly in English proficiency.
  • Being receptive, patient, and listening to everything that is being said.
  • Avoiding any tendency to marginalize the self-identified person’s intellect with a level of intelligence or credibility.
  • Asking open-ended questions to let the speaker add more information on the subject.

Strategies to empower culturally appropriate CALD background meaning ensures culturally appropriate responses.


These are categorized into three key areas:

Casework strategy
  • Assigning caseworkers from the same culture where possible and relevant, considering the age and gender of the worker, will positively impact effectiveness.
  • Ensuring an accredited translator is present in all interactions where the family cannot communicate correctly in English and using a person from the children or parent cultural community as support.
  • Enforcing case plans to support and maintain the child’s cultural identity.
Professional strategy
  • Using knowledge of Departmental staff from a linguistically diverse identity in facilitating discussions about cultural diversity.
  • Inviting guest speakers from the culturally diverse backdrop to identify, share, and recognize the excellent practice.
  • Identifying professional development and opportunities relating to cultural competency through the performance and planning process.
Community strategy
  • Identifying emerging issues relating to youth culture in Australia in different ethnic communities.
  • Actively participating with linguistically diverse communities in local areas.
  • Employing Multicultural initiatives in regional planning operations.
  • Encouraging staff members to self-nominate as a key contact person for matters relating to a particular ethnic community.

Therefore, CALD Australia has a culturally diverse population, and developing culturally competent practices is ongoing. To emphasize CALD meaning in Australia recognizes success when working with a large group of people from a diverse environment. However, the commitment to developing skills and knowledge to work effectively with diversity is critical and ensures the needs of all communities are met in Australia.


How To Translate For CALD Communities?

Translations are sometimes regarded as a costly means of reaching out to CALD groups. If you wish to translate attractive brochures and sophisticated fact sheets, they can be.

Let’s start from the beginning and think about your target audience, your present interactions with CALD groups, and how you can best exploit the material you provide. Translations don’t have to be so costly or time-consuming. But, if you’re just getting started and have a limited budget, less is more. It’s all about laying a solid foundation and then building on top of it!

It’s cruciall to understand where you are now, where you want to go, and how to plan a translation journey. Because the quality of your first translation assignment will set the tone for all subsequent terminology, tone, and register… The way your brand is presented in other languages, as well as how you want your organization to be perceived.

The following are examples of organizations that frequently use community translation services:

  • Departments, agencies, and bodies of the federal and state governments.
  • Government at the local level (local council).
  • Non-profit organisations (NFPs).
  • Organizations that serve the community.
  • Advocacy groups and peak organizations.
  • Any other organization that receives support from the government in some form.

The sorts of texts that are typically included in community translation initiatives include communications materials. The goal of translating this content into other languages is to give those who don’t speak English easy access to information. Organizations are allowing minorities in Australia to assimilate and participate in society by doing so.

What Are The Benefits Of Having Cultural Diversity In Australia?

The benefits of Cultural diversity in Australia is extensive; it helps in

  • Curbing racial discrimination.
  • Sustaining a positive image.
  • Creating a healthy work culture.
  • Promoting innovation and Creativity.
  • Upgrading people’s work skills.
  • Providing support to the local economy and community.
  • Reducing Job vacancies.

CALD group retains a majority of Australia’s population, with about two-thirds born in a non-English speaking country. As a result, culturally and linguistically diverse families are mostly used to distinguish mainstream families from those in which English is not the primary language. In addition, most non-English language-speaking families in Australia are in urban areas, and they are generally from Italy, China, India, Lebanon, Vietnam, Philippines, Greece, Northern Ireland, Germany, Malaysia, Netherlands, Lebanon, and Hong Kong. There are several advantages to having cultural diversity in the workplace, all of which contribute to the country’s economic growth. Workplace diversity refers to a corporation employing people of diverse origins and qualities. Individuals of various races, ethnicities, religions, ages, genders, sexual orientations, cultural backgrounds, languages, skills, and educational levels comprise a diverse workforce. In detail, let’s learn some of the benefits of cultural diversity in the workplace.

Enhance creativity

In the workplace, creativity is crucial since it aids in problem-solving and decision-making. A creative staff will approach the company’s core goal from various angles. Employing people with similar backgrounds and qualities will hinder your workforce’s ability to innovate and be creative. As a result, hiring people from varied backgrounds is a good idea because they’ll provide a variety of ideas.

Various opinion

When it comes to brand improvement, a diverse staff will bring a variety of viewpoints to the table. It’s worth remembering that personnel with various origins will have various experiences and talents. Viewpoints will provide the organization with various possibilities for achieving the company’s major objectives.

Promotes Productivity

A varied workforce will boost creativity and productivity in their field of expertise. Your company’s brand will increase due to creative staff, giving you a comparative benefit. It’s critical since it will assist you in achieving your key goals.

Faster problem-solving ideas

Employees with comparable cognitive qualities will spend significant time addressing challenges. Thus, businesses should consider recruiting a diverse workforce. The fundamental reason for this is that a varied workforce will come up with a variety of solutions to a problem. This is necessary since it will save time, resulting in increased production.

Language Skills That are Beneficial

Employees’ efficiency and effectiveness can be improved by having different language capabilities in the workplace. Cultural differences and linguistic limitations are two key variables that might stymie your company’s effectiveness. Thus, hiring people with various linguistic characteristics and backgrounds is a fantastic idea.

Quality Standards decision

A varied staff will assist your organization in making better decisions. Compared to individual decision-makers, research reveals that a diverse workforce is more likely to reach a superior decision-making outcome. When it comes to decision-making, employees from various backgrounds and with various traits will have differing perspectives.

What people should DO’s and DON’Ts?

Australia, a multicultural country, constantly expands its networks in all areas. As a result, it’s a good idea to keep in mind some of the things that individuals should DO and DON’T undertake. Let’s have a look at it in the passage below.


There are several things you can do to ensure that you engage with persons from this background acceptably and politely:

  • Follow your job posting, which is translated into the native language of your target employee.
  • Know your workers’ religious and cultural calendars so you can arrange festivities ahead of time and anticipate leave requests.
  • Cross-cultural understanding should be promoted through training and workplace regulations.
  • Make mentorship arrangements that are appropriate for your workers’ various backgrounds.
  • Demonstrate attitudes, behaviors, structures, and rules that allow your employees to appreciate diversity and collaborate effectively across cultures.
  • With events and lunches, you can celebrate the diversity in your company.
  • Encourage your staff to talk about their backgrounds and cultures.
  • Read the best guidelines for building a productive office environment to help your employees be more productive and prevent workplace discrimination.
  • Set up processes and policies to promote a prejudice-free workplace and deal with customer and employee complaints of harassment and discrimination.
  • Understand your responsibilities as an employee.
  • Become knowledgeable about employment discrimination, as well as bullying and harassment.
  • Make mentorship arrangements that are appropriate for your workers’ various backgrounds.


It’s crucial to know what not to do when working with workers and job seekers from various backgrounds:

  • Implement criteria, circumstances, or practices that discriminate against persons of a different race, religion, nationality, descent, colour, immigration status, or ethnic origin.
  • Insist that everyone speaks English at all times, especially during breaks.
  • Not to hire or promote a suitable candidate based on his ethnicity or immigration status or to think that he would not “fit in.”
  • Employees get treated unjustly because of their race.
  • People are called racist names, and insulting gestures, statements, and gestures are made.

We know that decades of migration have influenced Australia’s cultural, social, and economic diversity. Australia’s diversity has been a national enterprise and a democratic national identity. Even though immigration contributes significantly to Australia’s economic variety and prosperity, individual efforts must be made to satisfy the expanding requirements of migrants. They require social aid and must effectively integrate into their respective communities to alleviate the stress associated with working in a new nation and culture.

What Is The Other Way To Communicate With The CALD Communities?

Do you have a meeting with a CALD customer that you need to ace? Language is an essential instrument in our daily lives. It is critical to communicate our thoughts to convey feelings and effect change. It connects us to everyone and allows us to build friendships and connections. Individual connections must remain strong, and there must be no communications obstacles, thus translation services are essential. You can rest certain that if you use translation services, you will be provided with highly skilled interpreters who can translate verbally or through a document. The following factors are the benefits of using translation services.

Work with highly skilled translators

With translation services, you can rest assured that you are working with a professional who has translated a wide range of languages. It’s critical to have a translator who can speak and comprehend both your language and the target language fluently. A university degree, professional experience, and proven ability to translate fluently are all requirements for linguists working for translation services.

Improve the quality of your business relationships

Translation services can help improve relationships between firms from all around the world by bridging communication gaps. With an interpreting service, a qualified translator can avoid communication snafus and ensure that everyone is on the same page, resulting in the extension of your company’s collaborations.

Ability to translate difficult and specific topics

Having an interpreter who can express what you are attempting to say when discussing a complex subject like medicine or law is essential. If you hire an interpreter from a translation agency, you will have an expert who can confidently converse and utilize technical terminology. By using glossaries, resources, external training, and innovative translation tools, translation services guarantee they are prepared to talk and translate on complicated subjects.

The material gets meticulously reviewed 

Translation services use many translators, making obtaining thoroughly vetted translated material simple. Multiple translators will collaborate to solve, evaluate, and modify what gets translated accurately. For example, your documents will be translated by a professional translator, examined by a linguist with fluency in both languages and then proofread.

Ensure you’re communicating in a culturally acceptable manner

You’ll want to make sure you can use cultural references to connect and form bonds. Interpreters may aim to provide not just clear and technically correct translations but also culturally relevant phrases. They may double-check to see if it’s appropriate and remove any references or translations that would offend someone from another culture.

The significance of translation services in building strong relationships between groups from various nations cannot be overstated. These linguists have the necessary experience and credentials to provide you with a high-quality translation. The interpreters given by translation services can deliver a clear translation in a timely way and translate complicated subjects thanks to their talents.


Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is a CALD client?

Many Australian citizens have born overseas, or their parents came from different countries. So they came from divergent cultures and multiple language groups. People who are culturally and linguistically diverse are called CALD clients, and in Australia, you can find numbers of such CALD communities.

2. What are some facts about CALD?

Australia is home to several CALD communities in the world. They need to overcome language and cultural barriers to establish effective communication, which is often challenging. Also, people from CALD communities often suffer from health and welfare-related issues compared to the native peoples.

3. What are examples of CALD?

Many factors identify CALD people. That includes –

  • Their ancestry
  • Father’s country of birth
  • Mother’s country of birth
  • Their mother tongue
  • Language for communicating with family
  • Religious affiliation
  • When they arrived in Australia.

These factors make a person culturally and linguistically diverse. CALD communities include peoples from different cultural groups, and Australia is a perfect example of a country that host many CALD communities.

4. What Does the Acronym CALD Mean?

A general description used to characterise communities with many languages, ethnicities, cultures, civilisations, social development theories, and values is ’culturally and linguistically diverse’.

5. What Does CALD Mean in Australia?

A significant portion of Australia’s linguistically diverse population consists of people from other countries. These people have ancestors born in a different nation or are individuals who speak various dialects. These people are referred to as CALD populations (populations with a diversity of cultures and languages).

6. What Are the Disadvantages of CALD in Australia?

 CALD groups may be more vulnerable to mental health concerns, including lower self-esteem, a shortage of friends and family, a lack of knowledge about healthcare systems, stigma and embarrassment and a lack of access to healthcare.

7. What Is the CALD Dementia Action Plan?

The research goals and guiding principles developed to boost the participation of CALD Australians in dementia research and enhance dementia health and care equality are included in the CALD Action Plan of the NHMRC.

David Lee

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