Western v.s Eastern Culture. One of the biggest debates of all time. Which one is better? Which one is more powerful? How are they different from each other? Well, the list of questions is never-ending.
Now, these opposite sides of the world are not differentiated by the climate and geographical conditions solely. Instead, there are a lot more aspects through which they are distinct from each other. Be it their factors or behavior, both western and eastern cultures are unique in their way. Let's take an example of behavior. You might face an instance where Western civilization's typical behavior is frowned upon or rude to the eastern culture.
These perspectives' differences are indeed an essential factor when comparing the two cultures. Today, in this article, we will be deeply talking about western culture and eastern culture individually. We will also be discussing the common questions regarding the same. So, let's start.
First, we will be talking about western culture. So, what exactly is Western culture? What areas does it include?
A Western Culture is a culture, western societies/society, social norms, customs, beliefs, political systems, technologies, ethical values of the world of the West. Western culture includes South America, North America, New Zealand, Australia, and European countries. There are also different rules for people who migrate to these countries. For example, in Australia, you have to consult translation services in Australia for document translation before migration.
Following that, we have the eastern culture. The eastern culture involves the social norms, customs, traditions, ethics, beliefs, political system, and technologies of the world's eastern part. It includes the countries of Asia and the Middle East.
Now that we know about both the east and west cultures and the countries that represent them, let's move on to some of the critical points for which they tend to be differentiated.
Whenever we talk about these east and west cultures and their living, what is the first point that strikes our minds? Western culture is more on the individualistic side, while eastern culture is more of a collectivist. The reason behind such differentiation is because the eastern culture has an in-depth family value. Here, you won't spot people leaving their homes at a young age. You will even note that the kids/children reside until they get married.
In addition to that, if you look at these two East and West cultures based on economic ability, then in western culture characteristics, parents do not offer funds to their kids/children for the same. That's because these westerners parents or people try to develop their children with independence and life challenges. So, their kids/children often leave home early to find the right job and live life independently.
In the western culture, the family might be a second option for the children. In other terms, they might consider other people first instead of their parents. Whereas, that's not the case in the children of Eastern Culture mostly. For them, the family or parents are undoubtedly the priority.
If you ever compare both east/eastern and western cultures, you might feel that western culture is more focused on 'do what you feel rather than do what you think'. Ever wondered why? That's because if you take a look into the education system of western tradition and the westerners students, you will note that their learning strongly correlates with the global world. Their way of education or right learning is mostly related to the experience that helps the students in their own life. It is more concentrated or considered on the independence and self-reliance of these students rather than textbook learning.
Now, when we talk about textbook learning, the students of the eastern part of the world mostly follows the same. If you take a thorough look into their study culture, you will note that their learning way is distinct from the global world. Likewise, the participation of the westerners teacher in the western world is more on the supportive side. The westerners study culture is entirely focused on the students, and the teacher coordinates and guides them for efficient education or learning. That's it. But in the eastern culture, knowledge is more theoretical rather than practical for students. In simple terms, westerners students' lives or their right skills hardly have any role in it.
That's also the reason why students in the eastern culture tend not to be happy or satisfied with the system. Nothing is exciting for these people. In short, it's not engaging or valuable learning. Similarly, if you take a look at Western students' lives, you will note that they have the flexibility to explore and learn. So, these two cultural differences or difference in the education model positively affect their behavior, thinking, and approach/ way towards life.
'Oh! This outfit is Western. It would surely be a show stealer'.
The above scenario signifies the influence of western culture on the entire world. Be their food, clothes, lifestyle, etc.; if it's western, it's modern. Now, that's just essentials. It is clear that eastern fashion is influenced by western one. Also, the idea of the financial system, democracy, and politics, is another crucial aspect of western culture.
Moreover, the entire world tend to enjoy western music and western movies. The entertainment industry is already everyone's favorite. Starting from cartoons for kids to sitcoms for adults, the western entertainment industry is quite popular around the world.
So, they are undoubtedly powerful in terms of lifestyle and entertainment. However, there are competitors for the same. If we compare the western culture with eastern culture, the former might often be more potent than the latter. But, there are other cultures too. In simple terms, the dominance of western culture might often get affected by different cultures in the coming time. In the Western countries like Australia, they have CALD too. The CALD meaning stands for culturally and linguistically diverse, where people have different cultures than the culture of Australia.
Talking about the economy, the western countries are indeed the kings. Be it liberalization or the financial system, they are ruling it, and we all know. They are even more like the rule setters for the small countries. As the small countries require development and modernization, they eventually follow the western biggies. Sometimes, this whole concept becomes a pressure for the small countries. However, in the hope of development and progression, they adapt it anyway. So, if we compare the economy of eastern and western parts of the world, it is pretty clear that the Western is certainly more potent than the Eastern cultures.
One of the most common talks of today is which one has the better culture. Let's talk about two of them individually and then move on to the cultural differences. If you take a look into the western culture, you will notice that they have their living style. It's modern, it's unique, and it's bold. However, in the eastern world, there are countries that follow the old culture coming from generation after generation. To be honest, there is nothing bad/offensive with such practice. But it is best to blend both the new generation and the old generation for better living. This is what China is following. If you notice, the East Asian country China or the Chinese language and culture are progressing speedily with time. The country is becoming powerful through distinct or another means. If you take a look into Chinese culture, you will find a blend of modernization or new generation with the Chinese/Asian old culture. So, that's a great approach in China, and it should be followed everywhere. Now, coming back to the question, who has the better culture? eastern and western? Well, the cultural sides of the eastern countries are unique in their different ways, and so are the western countries.
Apart from that, there are many other cultural differences between both of these east and west cultures. For example, let's talk about punctuality. Punctuality is essential in both eastern and western cultures. It is more like a point where there are similarities between eastern and western culture. However, there are loose and strict rules in some countries. Let's say, in Spain, if the meetings and work are on track, there is no issue with a little late arrival at work. On the other hand, in Japan, the timings and punctuality of people are considered much crucial. Besides, they have methods to show that their late arrival was not their fault. That's why they have the 'train delay certificates'. It signifies that the individual was late due to the same and it is not related or based on their punctuality. Thus, it differs as per the country rather than the eastern and western cultures.
Let's shift to the next point, and that is the cultural approach/difference /thinking of the people. As both the East and West cultures differ from each other through many means, their approaches towards things are much different. For example, in a Western work environment, the leader would consider an employer who is skilled and task-oriented. Basically, the leader will encourage the employer to approach with their skills. Likewise, in the Eastern Cultures, the leader will enable the employer to work as a group and follow the hierarchical system of the organization. It's more related or based on a collective cultural approach or thinking rather than an individualist one.
This is something we are all well-known or familiar with. In the West, business relationships are more on the professional side. In simple terms, there is no level of personal involvement in the same. The entire relationship is limited to work, and that's usually it. However, that's not the case with eastern cultures. In the Eastern part of the world, business relationships may often include personal involvement for long-term commitment and trust. They consider bonding over something for a healthy business. Thus, a friendly cultural approach is necessary for them to build long-term business relationships.
When we talk about the criticism, both the Eastern and the Western Cultures have different way or approaches to the same. In the West, criticism is acceptable. Say, if you are an employer of an organization and your workmate's lack in performance, then criticism from your end is possible. That's because the western culture renders the opportunity to speak up. Correcting each other via any means is a business development and progression tactic. However, the cultural approaches are different. It usually differs from country to country. While one place may often encourage criticism through a joke, the other one may not. So, it depends on the country and the approaches when it comes to criticism. Whereas it is acceptable in western culture.
Moving on to the eastern cultures, the approach towards criticism in the East is not the same. In fact, they would even avoid such scenarios most of the time. Criticism is not a very pleasant thing there. People in the East try to maintain peace by eliminating conflicts. They are not so efficient in showcasing their emotions to others. Some countries may often convey the critical information through a third party mode rather than a direct cultural approach like western culture.
Hopefully, till now, you got a clear idea regarding both eastern and western cultures/society. Let's take a quick look into all the other cultural differences by which both of them differ from each other for a better understanding.
The language tone in both eastern and western cultures is different. While eastern countries are soft-spoken with a calm response, the western countries are based on a straightforward language tone. In simple terms, people in the West will say what they feel without fearing others' cultural difference, opinions, or thinking.
Following that, greeting each other in both eastern and western cultures are different. While kisses and hugs are something familiar in the West, it's not the same in the East. Basically, there are many other ways of greeting in Eastern cultures with lesser or negligible skin contact. They do not encourage kissing and hugging.
Also, the concept of questioning might often be different in both east and west cultures. While asking questions can be a good sign of learning in the western work culture, it might sound more threatening for the superiors in the eastern cultures.The language convention of both western and eastern cultures is different too.
Coming to the central part, which we guess everyone is waiting to know. And that is who won? Is it the eastern culture or the western culture? Well, of course, western culture is more dominating, new, and efficient in terms of politics, culture, education, society, and a good lifestyle, than the Eastern Cultures. Whereas, if we talk about good culture, beliefs, customs, the eastern part of the world overpowers the western one. The idea of being together with the family is something awe-inspiring. In their culture, the family is being considered as the first priority rather than some other people.
Thus, the answer would be there are no winners. Eastern or Western. Both of these east and west cultures are outstanding in their ways. You certainly cannot pick one.
Besides, both of these east and west cultures are changing with time. If you see, many countries in Asia are adopting the approaches from the opposite culture. For example, in the East, people are working on implementing a Western work environment approach. Employers in Asia are opening up and discussing the flaws without much hesitation. They are also understanding the role of independence at a young age.
On the other hand, the western culture is adapting the eastern culture values, customs, and beliefs. Likewise, eastern food is getting encouraged in the world of the West. From Chinese to Indian, the cuisines of Asia are becoming a hit among western countries. You will also see people in the West practicing Yoga for fitness and health, which is quite famous in Asia. Western Vs eastern art is also renowned. So, that is progress.
Both the cultures of East and West are different from each other. They have some strengths and weaknesses of their own. However, the good thing is that both East and the West are understanding the changes and adapting them with time.
Summing up, these were some of the areas in which Eastern and Western cultures differ from each other. We tried to cover or mention all the important points through which western and eastern parts vary. As mentioned earlier, you surely cannot pick the best one. That's because both of these east and west cultures are considered unique in their ways. We hope that our article read was well informative for you. If you liked this article based on western Vs eastern culture, then make sure to check out our other exciting article too. Happy Reading!